Mill also gave great contribution to the concept of abortion and the utilitarian way. Your partnership is essential. If so, then abortion is wrong. Another scenario suggests that abortion is immoral but when life of a mother is in danger, it should be allowed.
To do so we must first know exactly what abortion is and then must also have a broad definition of what the utilitarian theory encompasses. People who consider abortion illegal forget about the rights of the women who are pregnant. Research Papers on Utilitarianism and Abortion. In sum, according to utilitarianism, morality is a matter of the nonmoral good produced that results from moral actions and rules, and moral duty is instrumental, not intrinsic.
Utilitarian point of view endorses abortion on the basis of personal life, individual rights and principle of greatest happiness.
In the case of abortion, the utilitarian states that all unwanted pregnancies that represent a physical, mental, emotional, and financial hardship should be terminated via abortion. There are several varieties of utilitarianism. Will she suffer emotional pain from aborting her child.
When a female is raped and becomes pregnant then she should be allowed to abortion because sex was not pre planned. Application of utilitarian theory We analyze the issue of abortion in different situations and the first one is extreme pro life position which says that abortion is unethical and should be considered illegal in all the situations.
People who believe in this theory endorse the opinion that fetus is a human being irrespective of its development. Utilitarian theory does not endorse such theories because greatest principle of happiness suggests that abortion does not make most people very happy.
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Deontological ethics is in keeping with Scripture, natural moral law, and intuitions from common sense. The third group that must be accounted for are the parents and extended family of the unborn child. More Essay Examples on Ethics Rubric John Stuart mill is known as father of utilitarian view and it is not possible to understand the issue in Toto without seeing his view on the issue of abortion.
As we will see in Part Two, this notion is very difficult to justify if one abandons the theological doctrine of man being made in the image of God. One main problem is that utilitarianism, if adopted, justifies as morally appropriate things that are clearly immoral.
If more people benefit then it is probably right, if more people suffer then it is wrong. Another utilitarian philosopher by the name of J. Unfortunately, this focus seems to be unjustified because many say that the abortion could have been done earlier and with less invasive techniques.
Abortion by definition is the termination of a pregnancy by the removal or expulsion of a fetus or embryo from the uterus resulting in its death. The idea given by John Stuart mill is popularly known as principle of greatest happiness.
The limitations that the utilitarian theory adds to the discussions must also be addressed as many times there is not enough information provided to come to a final and ever so important conclusion.
For example, acts of lying, promise breaking, or murder are intrinsically wrong and we have a duty not to do these things. Third, a moral principle is a categorical imperative that is universalizable; that is, it must be applicable for everyone who is in the same moral situation. Apart from different opinions, law of a society has its own views on the issue which cannot be ignored.
For this and other reasons, many thinkers have advocated a second type of moral theory, deontological ethics.
Application of utilitarian theory We analyze the issue of abortion in different situations and the first one is extreme pro life position which says that abortion is unethical and should be considered illegal in all the situations.
For instance, let us consider the case of parents that are faced with having a baby that would become a disadvantage over a period of time.
The full pdf can be viewed by clicking here. Contraception could bring pleasure, and therefore be right, because it allows people to make love without the risk of STIs and pregnancy.
The idea given by John Stuart mill is popularly known as principle of greatest happiness. If a fool or a pig has different opinions, it is just because both of them know only their own aspects of the issue but others who are there for the comparison are acquainted with both the sides.
For the purpose of this paper, abortion will be defined as the deliberate termination of human pregnancy. Greatest principle of happiness suggests that utilitarian theory does not endorse this view because as per this principle many people may be happy or unhappy by the decision of abortion but it is the mother whose opinion or pleasure matters.
This principle can be said to be a test for the morality of a moral rule and does not pertain to the action itself. Choose Type of service. It is my opinion that abortion, completed early enough in a pregnancy, is not an unethical act and should not be considered to be a decision that is immoral.
Can someone give me the idea behind act utilitarianism and how it would apply to abortion? thanks. Nov 28, · Best Answer: Considering that Utilitarianism, as an ethical theory, has its roots in a notion of democracy as well as a hedonistic morality, this is a more difficult question than it first appears.
A fundamental utilitarian makes a judgement according to how much general well being and happiness a certain act brings about. If abortion Status: Resolved. Utilitarianism and Abortion Essay. Abortion is one of the most debated issues across the globe - Utilitarianism and Abortion Essay introduction.
People from different sects of the society have their own perception on the abortion. Ethics Theories- Utilitarianism Vs. Deontological Ethics There are two major ethics theories that attempt to specify and justify moral rules and principles: utilitarianism and deontological ethics.
Utilitarianism (also called consequentialism) is a moral [ ]. Utilitarian View on Abortion Utilitarianism is the thought that actions are right if they benefit or bring happiness to a majority of the population. Utilitarianism states that abortion, like all actions is an entirely neutral act until the consequences are evaluated.
Both ethical systems allow an opportunity for an individual to formulate an understanding of, and ethically right decision on abortion.Utilitarianism abortion